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Project Management 101
By Robert Flanglin
management is a very important business concept because it is in place
to ensure that projects are completed in a timely fashion as well as to
the best of the company s ability. Project Management is basically the
discipline of making goals and reaching those goals. Usually, the
entire scope of project management is taken care of by an individual
Definition of a Project
project can be several things. Generally projects involve engineering
or the construction of a product, but they do not always have to. A
project is the way through which one will achieve a result. Quite
simply, a project is a task and at the completion of the project is the
Two Approaches to Projects
are two approaches to projects and project management. The traditional
approach sees the project as a process. There is a beginning, an end,
and everything in-between. The non-traditional approach, called the
agile software development approach where the project is viewed as
relatively small tasks. One approach is to view the entire project
(traditional) and the other approach is to view each individual step as
a small task (agile software development).
Project Management History
management ideas have been around for quite sometime, but it was not
isolated until after the Sputnik crisis of the cold war. Project
management arose because the United States Department of Defense needed
to develop their military faster and more efficiently. In order to do
this, the Department of Defense invented the Program Evaluation and
Review Technique (PERT). At the exact same time, the DuPont Corporation
invented something similar called the critical path method (CPM). These
were the foundations of modern project management.
Techniques for Project Management
management usually involves setting up a timetable. There are
pre-determined goals that need to be met at certain times. Ideally, the
project is well organized so that the manufacturer and/or business can
plan on the project being completed at a certain time. Project
management aims at being efficient, and still producing high quality.
By setting specific dates and having the entire project sometimes
over-seen by a project manager generally makes employees work more
The project manager is the single most
important part of project management. The project manager makes sure
that everything in the project is moving smoothly. He or she is usually
very organized and makes sure that the employees meet the requirements
at the specified time intervals. Project managers usually have the most
accurate idea of the project destination.
management may not be a terribly difficult concept to understand, but
it is very important. In any business (especially manufacturers)
completing a product or reaching a goal is the life-blood of that
business. Project management serves to insure that everyone working on
a project is on the same page and understands the goals and timetable.
Project management is also an ongoing process throughout the entire
project. Project managers serve to ensure that projects run smoothly
and are completed efficiently.
Robert Flanglin enjoys writing about project management and has a blog about it entitled Project Management Source ( http://www.projectmanagementsource.com ).
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/