Smooth Projects... Effective Project Management!
Project Management Software Articles
Project Management Software
Six Components of a Project Charter
project charter is a document defines the scope of a project. It can be
fairly broad, but not overly general. It should include an overview of
what should be done. It is, in effect, the basic description of
project. It is important that projects have these, as they provide
direction and give team members and supervisors, as well as various
publics and bosses, an idea of what actually should be happening. The
project charter should be developed as a sort of transition from the
initiating project management process group to the planning group.
While there is project management software available to help managers
create charters, it is good to know the six components of a good
project charter: background, project definition, project approach,
participants, possible risks, and project management.
This section gives the reasons that the project is being initiated.
Sponsor information, as well as what prompted the project, should be
clearly stated in this portion of the project charter. Additionally, if
a similar or preliminary project has been completed, the background
section should include pertinent information and outcomes of the
related project for reference. The background can also include
foundation principles for the project.
The project manager needs to have a clear idea of what the project is
about. The definition defines what the project is meant to do. Many
managers and teams include things like the mission statement, vision,
and basic principles in this section. Also included should be some of
the stated objectives and scope of the project. Entering these into a
project management software program can help managers and team managers
track their progress and measure what is being done against the
definition of the project.
Steps taken to ensure that the project fulfills its definition are set
forth in the project approach section of the project charter. The
approach is kind of like a road map for getting to the destination. It
outlines the main mileposts along the way, like what specific tasks
need to be accomplished at each phase of the project. Additionally, it
includes a schedule or timeline of the project. If using project
management software to help oversee the project, the schedule should be
inputted, along with budget information, which should also be included
in the approach section of the project charter.
This is where the team members and the project manager are listed. It
is also a good place to have major assigned duties written out. While
smaller duties change, and many project members do a multitude of tasks
to help other members out, the main tasks that each team member is
assigned should be clearly stated so that everyone involved knows who
is in charge of what.
Risk assessment is an important of project management, and the project
charter should reflect that risks are being looked at. While risk
assessment should be continuous, it helps to recognize the major risks
from the outset, and think about how to mitigate those risks. But just
because it is part of the project charter does not mean that the
project manager and team members should stop assessing risk. Issues
should be recognized throughout as needed. Project management software
can help with some risk assessment.
This section addresses the who and how of managing the project, but
more especially the how. It is meant to set forth ground rules, and
establish policy and procedure for the project.
When a charter clearly addresses these six elements, it can be a valuable tool for reference throughout the project.
Article by Remedysoft, Inc.
All Rights Reserved